Difference between Computer Vision and Machine Learning?

Computer Vision

Computer vision is a newer and more advanced technology than machine learning, which researchers started developing in the 1950s. They continued working on this, but the technology wasn’t mature until recently. Computer Vision began as a simple two-dimensional tool, making it easier for scientists to recognize statistical patterns. It was in 1978 that MIT’s AI Lab developed a bottom-up approach to computer vision to be used in practical everyday applications, enabling image recognition technologies. The technologies have become increasingly popular and commonly used ever since. It can be used for tasks such as object recognition, facial recognition, and gesture recognition.

Machine Learning

In simple terms, machine learning is about creating intelligent machines that are able to observe, analyze and learn from datasets. The concept of this technology is to use statistical learning and patterns within a dataset in order to enable machines to identify ideas and learn from them. Machine Learning is an extension of Artificial Intelligence, which is used extensively across industries. Even though it’s the newest branch of AI, has been implemented with good success. ML relies on data mining and statistical analysis to identify complex patterns. Machines have been designed to look at images and identify what they see. They can tell us a lot of information about the picture – so much, in fact, that it’s hard for humans to understand all of those data points.

Different applications of machine learning models in the field of computer vision

Machine learning and computer vision tech are frequently used to make systems and algorithms that are really accurate and fast. As some examples of ML models for computer vision applications, we have support vector machine (SVM), neural networks (NN), and probabilistic graphical models. A Support Vector Machine is a type of supervised classification method that uses machine learning models to observe, analyze, and process datasets. Similarly, the Neural Network method includes layered networks of interconnected processing nodes. Convolution Neural Network (CNN) is a type of neural network that is applied in the object classification process using features from the input image.

Applications of Computer Vision and Machine Learning

1 – Image Processing

Image processing refers to manipulating image data in order to make it clearer or extract necessary information. The field of image processing has advanced considerably and now involves complex machine learning and computer vision algorithms that enable fast and accurate processing of large datasets. This technology can be used to identify hidden patterns within the data and provides tools for remote sensing, agriculture, 3D mapping, forestry, and water management. It offers a range of features that make it an essential tool for organizations in a wide range of industries.

2 – Identifying objects & Patterns

Artificial intelligence algorithms have been able to identify patterns in pictures that may not be easily recognizable to the human eye. Computer vision, using AI image processing techniques, helps identify patterns and objects of interest that are otherwise unrecognizable. This technology has a wide range of applications, including facial recognition, traffic analysis, and object detection in manufacturing.

3 – Image Restoration

Image restoration functionality is designed to improve the quality of an image through technologies like object identification. This technology is used in a range of industries, including healthcare and forensics, to restore and enhance images.


In summary, computer vision and machine learning are two distinct technologies with unique applications. Computer vision is an advanced technology that enables machines to interpret, analyze, and understand digital images and videos. On the other hand, machine learning focuses on creating intelligent machines that can learn from datasets and identify patterns within them. Together, these two technologies have revolutionized various industries, including healthcare, agriculture, transportation, and manufacturing. With the increasing demand for more sophisticated and accurate systems, it is safe to say that computer vision and machine learning will continue to shape the future of technology.

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